Ninth European Conference of Egyptologists SCIENTIFIC COMMITTEE Nils Billing (Uppsala University, Uppsala - Sweden) Francisco Caramelo (New University, Lisbon - Portugal) Emanuele Ciampini (Ca’ Foscari University, Venice - Italy) Christian Greco (Museo Egizio, Torino - Italy) Jadwiga Iwaszczuk (Institute of Mediterranean and Oriental Cultures, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw - Poland) Maria Helena Trindade Lopes (New University, Lisbon - Portugal) Susanna Moser (Civico Museo d’Antichità “J.J. Winckelmann”, Trieste - Italy) Ronaldo G. Gurgel Pereira (New University, Lisbon - Portugal) Rosanna Pirelli (University of Naples “L’Orientale” - Italy) Joanna Popielska Grzybowska (Institute of Mediterranean and Oriental Cultures, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw - Poland) Teodozja I. Rzeuska (Institute of Mediterranean and Oriental Cultures, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw - Poland) Helen Strudwick (Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge - UK) Nigel Strudwick (University of Cambdrige, Cambridge - UK) ORGANIZING COMMITTEE Susanna Moser Joanna Popielska Grzybowska Emanuela Montagnari Carlo Ruo Redda Jadwiga Iwaszczuk Katarzyna Kapiec with the contribution of 4 GREETINGS Dear Professors, Dear Colleagues, in these strange and difficult times when our meetings become exclusi- vely virtual, we are whole-heartedly pleased that you decided to share thoughts on your scholarly work with us. The leading theme of our European Conferences of Egyptologists “Perspectives of Research” has become even more vivid. It has become a topical and relevant issue for Egyptologists and archaeologists all over the world. Our first meeting took place in Warsaw in 1999. The idea came from Assistant Professor dr. Andrzej Ćwiek, supported by Assistant Pro- fessor dr. Joanna Popielska-Grzybowska and Joanna Kociankowska- Bożek of the Institute of Archaeology of the University of Warsaw. Again in Warsaw in 2001 and 2004, the Conference was then orga- nised in Budapest in 2006 (Assistant Professor dr. Andreas Gulyas). The Fifth Conference was hosted by the Pułtusk Academy of Humani- ties in Pułtusk, organised by Assistant Professor dr. Joanna Popielska- Grzybowska in 2009 and the Sixth in Cracow in 2012 by the Institute of Archaeology of the Jagiellonian University (Assistant Professor dr. Mariusz Jucha, Assistant Professor dr. Joanna Dębowska-Ludwin and Assistant Professor dr. Piotr Kołodziejczyk). The Conference was then organised in Zagreb in 2015 (Assistant Professor dr. Mladen Tomorad) and in Lisbon in 2017 (Professor dr. Maria Helena Trindade Lopes). This new edition of the conference - organized in Italy for the first time - was intended to take place in Trieste in 2020, but the circumstan- ces forced us to postpone it, turning it into an online event hosted by the Department of Humanities of the University of Trieste (Professor Elisabetta Vezzosi, Dr. Susanna Moser and Professor Emanuela Monta- gnari) and co-organized by the Institute of Mediterranean and Oriental Cultures of the Polish Academy of Sciences (Professor dr. Teodozja Rzeuska, Assistant Professor dr. Joanna Popielska-Grzybowska and Assistant Professor dr. Jadwiga Iwaszczuk). The conference has also obtained the patronage by the Municipality of Trieste.